Canada

Canada is the second largest country in the world and sparsely populated. Therefore, many regions with imposing landscape and extraordinary animal life can be found. The vast extent from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic and from the Great Lakes to the Arctic and the Alaskan border provides an almost inexhaustible variety of different impressions and experiences.

Grizzly bears hunting salmon, moose with mighty antlers, giant octopuses, humpback whales, belugas migrating into rivers to give birth, polar bears waiting during summer for the pack ice coming again, narwhals, walruses and much more.

Most of the landscape is dominated by tundra and mountainous regions. Also huge areas of coniferous and deciduous forests, as well as areas with thousands of lakes and rivers can be found here. And Canada has the largest coastline of any country in the world, incredible 250,000 kilometers (over 150,000 miles). Islands, fjords, bays and sounds often determine the coastal landscape.

Several First Nation tribes started to colonize Canada about 12,000 years ago, followed by the Inuit around 5,000 years ago. They populated the northeastern Arctic regions. About 1,000 years ago, the Vikings settled in Canada and for about 500 years the Europeans.

However, the still sparse settlement has ensured that much of the Canadian wilderness still is largely untouched today.

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